Published on: Jan/Feb 2017
Many Canadian engineers and geoscientists who visit projects in developing countries see evidence of artisanal mining—people panning barefoot in a muddy stream, a hillside pockmarked with holes and tunnels, or rudimentary processing plants belching toxic fumes into the air.
These isolated sightings under-represent the global scale of the problem. More than 30 million people worldwide are artisanal miners. Half are artisanal gold miners, responsible for extracting up to 15 percent of the world’s gold supply, while others mine tin, tantalum, tungsten, coal, diamonds, coloured gemstones, and more than 20 other minerals.
Read the full article: APEGBC’s Innovation magazine, Jan/Feb 2017